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Rotary Tattoo Machine

Rotary Tattoo Machines

Rotary tattoo machines are older machines that were designed in the late 1800's off of a design created by Thomas Edison. Edison was trying to create an engraving machine, for writing and and inserting ink into a cut, but it was changed by Samuel O'Reilly, who altered the design to allow it to penetrate the skin and insert ink into it.

Before then, tattoos were performed by having the tattoo artist sharpen a stick of bamboo and then dip it in ink, and then stab the skin many many times with the bamboo. This meant that tattoos took a very long time to finish. What O'Reilly did was to create a machine that had several needles that rotated through and punctured the skin very rapidly, one at a time, injecting ink with each tiny puncture. The design was slowly improved by his protege and then through the years was continually used and altered to suit the tattoo artist or mechanic who was designing them.

Coil Tattoo Machine

Coil tattoo machines
Coil tattoo machines use an electromagnetic circuit to move the needle grouping. There are many variations, from single-coiled machines to triple-coiled machines. They can be made from many different materials and in many different sizes and shapes. Dual-coiled machines are considered to be standard.

Liner tattoo machine: The purpose of a liner machine is to lay the ink in the skin in one single pass to create a dominant line. It uses a short contact circuit (about 1.5mm–2mm), which causes the machine to cycle faster.

Shader tattoo machine: The shader machine is commonly used to shade black or variants of black ink. Color can also be used in this type of machine, but the saturation level of this machine is low. It uses a bigger contact gap than a liner (about 2mm–3.5mm) to make it cycle slightly slower. This machine is also used for sculpting lines, and some artist will use this type of machine for all lines, as it allows the lines to be retraced with less trauma to the skin.

Color/saturation machine: The purpose of a color/saturation machine is to saturate the piece with color, as well as blend colors. It uses the largest of the contact gaps (about 3mm–5mm) to cycle the machine at a slow rate. This allows the machine to push color into the skin with less trauma, allowing for a brighter piece. This type of machine is also used for adding highlights to the end of a piece.

Tattoo History

A Tattoo, is body art made by inserting indelible ink into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment. Tattoos on humans are a type of decorative body modification, while tattoos on animals are most commonly used for identification purposes. The first written reference to the word, "tattoo" (or Samoan "Tatau") appears in the journal of Joseph Banks, the naturalist aboard Captain Cook's ship the HMS Endeavour in 1769: "I shall now mention the way they mark themselves indelibly, each of them is so marked by their humor or disposition".

Tattoo Aftercare

Now, you have your fresh new tattoo, and you want to take good care of it! From this point on, your artist is not responsible for any infection or problems you may have with your tattoo if you don't take proper care of it. It is very important that you follow these guidelines. A really beautiful tattoo can turn into a disaster if the proper aftercare is not taken.

Leave That Bandage Alone!

How to Tattoo

Tattoos are no longer taboo! Engraved on everyone from soldiers to homecoming queens, you can find these works of art exhibited for the entire world to appreciate. Here's how to apply one.

Difficulty: Challenging


Things You'll Need:
- Tattoo machine
- Design display
- Shaver
- Thermo-fax
- Stencil material
- Variety of needle shapes and sizes
- Inks
- Sterilizing pads and bandages
- Autoclave sterilizing machine
- License

Tattoo Removal

Tattoo Removal Options and Alternatives

There are a lot of reasons for possibly wanting a tattoo removed – the positive element of tattoo removal is that you are no longer burdened with a tattoo you seriously regret. If a tattoo is holding you back from getting a job you want or keeps you from attaining goals you have set for yourself, a little pain and scarring may be worth it to you. If you have a gang-related tattoo and are no longer associating yourself with that gang or any gang (good for you!), it would be in your best interests to have it removed. If you have a tattoo that symbolizes hate or prejudice, I hope that you will decide that it is time to let it go. If you are wearing a tattoo of a past love and now you have a new special person in your life, it would be unkind to your new love NOT to get rid of the old tattoo.

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Rotarie Tattoo Machines

Rotary tattoo machines are quickly gaining the tattoo industries attention. Most rotary machines are very consistent and require less maintenance to operate. They also usually require some type of regular lubrication to keep parts running more efficiently.

Coil Tattoo Machines

Traditional Coil tattoo machines are the industry standard and have been the most popular in the industry for the past 80 years. They haven't changed much since the early tattoo models. There have been many attempts to modernize but mainly in cosmetic attributes.

Tattoo Machine Care

Coil Tattoo Machines require regular maintenance in tuning and replacing of parts. Like springs, capacitors and contact screws.
Rotary machines hardly need maintenance or replacing of parts. Rotary motors can need replacing after 30,000-50,000 hours.